Mark Twain’s Autobiography Released After a Century of Waiting

posted Mar 29, 2011, 7:55 PM by Golden Knight

By Chris Ferro


“The difference between the right word and the almost right word is like the difference between lightning and a lightning bug.” -Mark Twain

Mark Twain was born on November 30th, 1835 and died on April 21st, 1910. In those seventy-five years, he was able to obtain the prestige and notoriety in which few writers can claim. Dubbed the “greatest satirist of the 20th century”, Twain changed the landscape of literary prose. Through his caustic criticism and violent animosity to all things hypocritical, he expressed all of his opinions via the plethora of books, essays and short stores he manufactured throughout his career. Either hated or loved by those who read him, his influence on American culture is widely prevalent. Regardless of opinions towards the author, he is greatly respected and known by all.

In his will, Twain requested that the manuscript of his autobiography, which he wrote several years before his death, was to be published a hundred years after his death. At the time of his death Twain was well known for his controversial published works, but even this maneuver seemed a bit extreme for him.

Due to his immense popularity, several excerpts of his autobiography were published in advance. However, the wishes of his will were mostly kept intact, and the official release did not occur until November of this year. The autobiography will consist of several parts, each being released at different times. Volume one discusses Twain’s early childhood to teenage years. Of course, no Twain piece would be complete without several pages of diatribes and musings, and these are scattered within the autobiography. Whether it is a vehement attack on slavery or the denouncing of his publisher, Twain elegantly interpolates his style with his trademark talent of description.

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, published in 1876, placed Twain on the American literary scene as an ingenious storyteller and expert setting descriptor. But the sequel to this classic tale, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, did not receive such a glorious review. By far the more controversial of the two, Huck Finn caused massive outage throughout the country, especially in the South, where the story was set. It is through this story that Twain’s negative opinions regarding slavery and southern code are expressed. The novel was years ahead of its time, and as a result was not widely accepted by American culture at the time.

The autobiography expands upon Twain’s opinions tenfold. By the end of his life, Twain had become hypercritical of every aspect of society. He even wrote a series of short essays in which he took the role of the devil and condemned the actions of humanity. It is apparent that if the autobiography was released in 1910, it would be too much for the public to interpret and thus would have been deemed as controversial and swept under the rug. Twain predicted this and decided to have it released in 2010. Every biting satire and brutal depiction makes Twain’s writing even more intriguing and appealing to the senses. This autobiography has solidified Twain’s place in history.

It is no surprise, then, why the autobiography has been topping the bestsellers list ever since its release. The entrance into the life of a literary genius and madman is an experience few have the honor to receive. Every page verifies Twain’s legacy. Reading such a work is a once in a lifetime experience and must be read by fans of Twain and writing in general. A

Book Review: Timequake

posted Mar 26, 2011, 3:34 PM by Golden Knight

By Chris Ferro


“You were sick, but now you’re well, and there’s work to do.” In short, this simple but elegant quote represents the novel entitled Timequake by Kurt Vonnegut. For all those who are scratching their heads at both the name of the book and of its author, allow me to extrapolate. Perhaps one of the most influential underground writers of the twentieth century, Kurt Vonnegut gives new meaning to the word “satire.” The author of such books as The Slaughterhouse-Five and Hocus Pocus, Vonnegut allows his readers to enter a story in which of itself is a microcosm for something greater. Often misinterpreted for cynicism, his novels incorporate the excessive use of satire and comedy to reveal truths about the human condition.

In this regard, Timequake is no different. Instead of basing the story around entirely fictional characters, Vonnegut places himself in the novel alongside of them. By using this method, the reader is allowed to step into the harmonic chaos that is Kurt Vonnegut’s mind. Timequake’s premise is relatively simple. A glitch in the universe causes everyone on Earth to relive the past ten years of his or her life. The rub is that people have to consciously relive the past. Meaning, of course, that the person doing the action already knows every event that will be redone in the “rerun” of ten years. Yet, even with this knowledge, the ten years must have the same perfect execution as first time they occurred. If a driver accidentally ran over another person in the past, during the rerun that same person must run over the same bystander once again.

This introduction to the story allows for Vonnegut to fabricate characters, including himself, that undergo this “Timequake” and what they think, feel, and act during the event. One character depicted in the novel has been used by Vonnegut in countless other books, each time serving a different purpose to the respective stories. This fictional character Kilgore Trout is himself an underground science fiction writer who writes short stories for magazines that nobody reads. Being a part of Vonnegut’s intellectual psyche, Trout plays an important part in Timequake, facilitating stability when the entire world seems to have gone insane. Each character, in his or her own right, has some sort of pressing issue and must deal with it face to face during the Timequake. Since all of the actions are already set in stone, apathy becomes rampant. Free will is put on suspension. However, in order to find out what happens as a result of this emotional deprivation, one must scour through the pages.

Many consider Timequake as an answer to the intrinsic human longing for changing the past. How people constantly make mistakes and immediately want to correct them. Yet, life would not be life if people did not make mistakes and certain wrongs were not done. The construction of each chapter in the novel is a subtle connection to the next one. One action done by one person drastically affects the life of another character in the novel. Whether good or bad, subtle or extravagant, every event in the novel is interconnected with another. The book is a microcosm for life. Trying to understand the nature of why things happen the way they do is futile. Spontaneity constitutes life.

Reading Timequake sets one off on a journey through the mysteries of human experience. At some point, the reader will be able to relate with an event described in the novel. This story is a tribute to all the times in life where things just do not seem to make much sense. But if taken in the larger context of one’s life and being, everything starts to become clear. Piecing together the puzzles of experience is a life long process accomplished only in death. Timequake reaffirms that. A

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